some issues surrounding male psychological wellbeing:
- According to the Royal College of Psychiatrists men suffer from depression just as much as women do but are less likely to ask for help.
- According to a report produced by the Men’s Health Forum in Ireland in 2014 relating to the mental health of young males stated boys and young men do not have the ability to identify as handle emotions as well as young women.
- According to an article on The Telegraph website men are far less likely than women to seek counselling for anxiety.
- According to an article on the American Psychological Association website about why men are less likely than women to seek psychological help, it stated that many men: “Worry that society will look down on a man who can't ‘tough it out’ on his own, and that seeking--or even needing--help is not "normal" male behaviour. Even men who do seek counselling may worry about what others think of their choice.”
- According to the NHS’s 2015/16 Annual Report for those accessing their Improving Access to Psychological Therapies programme to treat depression and anxiety in England, only 35% of those who accessed treatment in that year were males.
- According to the Office of National Statistics, based on statistical relating to suicide in the UK for 2015, males are three times more likely than females to end their life in this way. The 2015 report from the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency shows this trend of increased likelihood of males ending their life by suicide compared to females is also present in Northern Ireland which is also mirrored by the statistics provided by the Central Statistics Office for deaths by suicide in Ireland.
- According to a report by The Samaritans masculine narratives can impact adversely on male psychological wellbeing, it stated: “The way men are brought up to behave and the roles, attributes and behaviours that society expects of them – contributes to suicide in men. Men compare themselves against a masculine ‘gold standard’ which prizes power, control and invincibility. When men believe they are not meeting this standard, they feel a sense of shame and defeat.”
- According to the CALM website one of the reasons why UK suicide rates among males may be so high is because: “There are social and cultural barriers that prevent men from speaking out.”
- According to an article on the Men’s Fitness Magazine website 90% of Bigorexia (otherwise know as muscle disorder), are males with those ages between 16-35 being most at risk and an article the BBC website reports this is a growing issue.
- Although females are more likely to face the challenge of having and eater disorder than males, information on the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health website shows that eating disorders are growing twice as fast among men and boys as among women and girls.
- According to an article on The Guardian website, research showed that: “More than four in five men (80.7%) talk in ways that promote anxiety about their body image by referring to perceived flaws and imperfections, compared with 75% of women. “
some issues surrounding male physical wellbeing:
- According to the Men’s Health Forum website, males eat a poorer diet than females and are less knowledgeable about healthy foods. Males are also more likely to be overweight than females, more likely to experience hypertension (high blood pressure) and are more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes.
- According to the Office of National Statistics website the majority of alcohol-related deaths in the UK in 2015 (65%), were among males.
- According to the NHS statistical report on alcohol use in the UK in 2015 it estimates that around 9% of males in the UK show signs of alcohol dependence compared to 3% of females.
- According to an article on The Telegraph website, research shows that in the UK, males are three times more likely to be frequent drug users than females.
- According to the Office of National Statistics website more males in the UK are smokers (17.7% of the male population), than females (14.1% of the female population).
- According to the a Public Health Agency report 63% of new sexually transmitted infection diagnoses in Northern Ireland in 2015 were in males.
- According to a Public Health England report in 2014 nearly 67% of people in the UK living with HIV were males.
- According to the Office of National Statistics website, the average life expectancy for a baby boy born in the UK between 2013 and 2015 is 79 years compared to 83 years for a baby girl born at the same time.
- According to the recent NHS report on obesity in 2015 in England in 68% of males were overweight or obese compared to 58% of females.
- According to the British Heart Foundation’s CVD factsheet, in Northern Ireland 1 in 7 males will die from coronary heart disease compared to 1 in 10 females.
- According to the Irish Cancer Society website, skin cancer is more common in males than in females.
- According to the Cancer Research UK website in 2014 there 181,000 cases on cancer diagnosed in males in the UK and 176,000 in females and cancer survival rates were higher in females than males. There were 86,500 cancer deaths in males in that year compared to 76,900 in females.
some issues surrounding male relational wellbeing:
- A report into relationship wellbeing by Relate 11% of males reported having no close friends compared to 9% of females. It also found that only 73% of males describe their friendships as good or very good compared to 81% of women. The report also stated that in family relationships, most people reported a stronger bond with their mother than their father.
- According to an article on the Psychology Today website single males experience greater levels of loneliness than single females.
- An article on The Telegraph website reported that a YouGov survey found that approximately 12.5% of males in the UK said they had no close friends that they could discuss a serious topic with.
- According to a 2014 report by Hall & Partners/Open Mind funded by the Movember Foundation: Men who had experienced low levels of emotional openness or engagement with their fathers growing up are more likely to experience poor social support in adult life.
- Research on social isolation highlight in an article on The Independent website reported that: “Men are more likely than women to experience loneliness as they get older because they have significantly less contact with children, family and friends than women.”
- A recent survey by Relate showed that males are more likely to be dissatisfied with their sex lives than females, with one in four men saying they were dissatisfied compared to one in five women.
- A key facts report on domestic and partner abuse produced by the Mankind Initiative in 2017 stated that: “Male victims (39%) are over three times as likely than women (12%) not to tell anyone about the partner abuse they are suffering from.”
some issues surrounding male professional wellbeing:
- According to the Statista website, unemployment rates for males in the UK have been consistently higher than for females during the period 2000 – 2016.
- According to the HSEA website in the 2015-2016 academic year only 43.5% of those studying for higher education were males (females made up 56.5% of the total number of higher education students), and according to research by the Higher Education Policy Institute highlighted in an article on the BBC website females in the UK are 35% more likely than males to go to university.
- According to the Office of National Statistics website, the overall rate redundancy rate in the UK is higher for males than for females.
- An article on the Men’s Health Forum website states “Men are nearly twice as likely to have mental health problems due to being unemployed than women.”
- Results of a global study reported on the CIPD website show that both males and females struggle to achieve a positive work-life balance, but males feel less able to talk about the issue. The study revealed: “the majority of working fathers are plagued by the stress of balancing their work and home lives, but fear they will suffer negative career repercussions or threats to their masculinity if they try to discuss it.”
some issues surrounding male recreational wellbeing:
- According to the Big Fish Games website more males (59% of total gamers), than females (41% of total gamers), play video games. The jury is still out on whether someone can be classified as being addicted to playing video games, but according to the Addiction Experts website boys are more likely to become video game addicts than girls.
- An article on The Independent website states that young men could be heading for a masculinity crisis due to the impact that high levels of engagement with both online pornography and excessive playing of video games could have on their psychological health.
- The American Psychological Association website reports that levels of pornography consumption are significantly higher among males than females. Results of a survey carried out in 2014 on The Cosmopolitan website (done in conjunction with Esquire magazine), showed that 32.5% of males accessed pornography on a daily basis compared to 3.8% of females. As with playing video games the jury Is still out as to whether there is such a condition as porn addiction but websites such as Netdoctor report that using porn can create problems in an individual’s life in terms of interference with other parts of life functioning or creating unrealistic expectations about sex or body image.
- More generally, the Live Strong website reports that many more males than females are addicted (up for debate if it can be an addiction), to use of the internet.
- A recent survey of young people in the UK reported in The Express found only 37% of boys spent their time online socialising compared to 53% of girls.
- The Gambling Commission’s recent report relating to gambling activity in the UK during 2016 shows males are more likely to have gambled than females with 53% of males having participated in gambling at some point in the past month. Problem gambling is defined as behaviour related to gambling which causes harm to the gambler and those around them and males are more likely than females to be categorised as problem gamblers.
- The Mental Health Matters website shows there is a positive connection between having hobbies and positive mental health as investing in hobbies gives you potential for a new area in your life to achieve success in.
some issues surrounding difference:
- According to the Mental Health Foundation website, people from black, asian and minority ethic groups (BMAE), living in the UK are more likely to be diagnosed with a mental health problem and have a poor outcome from treatment than their non-BMAE counterparts.
- According to the Mental Health Today website mental health problems are more common among BMAE communities than in the general population.
- According to an article on the Psychology Today website utilisation rates of mental health services in America are lower amount BMAE males than white males.
- According to an article on The Nursing Times website communications and cultural barriers make it more difficult for those within BMAE communities to access mental health services.
- According to a UK Home Office report, the hate crimes reported in 2015/16 increased by 19% from the previous year, with 79% of those being race hate crimes.
- According to The Mind website: “Young African Caribbean men are one of the most overrepresented BME groups in inpatient mental health services in the country. There are multiple reasons for this, but among them are stigma, cultural barriers, and discrimination.”
- According to the Mind website LGBT people can be at greater risk of developing mental health problems that the wider population.
- According to the NHS Choices website: “Poor levels of mental health among lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) people have often been linked to experiences of homophobic and transphobic discrimination and bullying.”
- According to the Public Health Matters website negative experiences of discrimination and marginalisation have an impact on the mental health of LGBT individuals.
- According to the LGBT Foundation website lesbian, gay and bisexual people are twice as likely as heterosexual people to have suicidal thoughts or make suicide attempts.
- According to the Pink News website: “Over a third of LGBT people living in the London are suffering from mental health issues, a rate 15% higher than the general population.”
- A key facts report on domestic and partner abuse produced by the Mankind Initiative in 2017 stated that: “The percentage of gay or bisexual men (6.2%) who suffered partner abuse in 2008/09 is nearly double the number for heterosexual men (3.3%).”
If you have are aware of any other pieces of research or statistics relating to male wellbeing that could help others to gain insight and develop wisdom, please share your knowledge with MANN uP (see the Contact page on the website for ways to get in touch).